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Description Of Belladonna Plant

Belladonna is a very poisonous plant species. This plant is also known as deadly nightshade. The plant is native to central and southern Europe. This article shares a brief description of belladonna plant. Belladonna, a light green plant grows to 1.5m tall with 7cm long. Bell shaped flowers of belladonna plant, give way to large, soft, shining black berries with purple juice. The root is thick, fleshy and whitish, about 6 inches long, or more, and branching. It is perennial. The purplish colored stem is annual and herbaceous. Read on to know more about belladonna plant.

Moving further with the description of atropa belladonna, the flowering starts in late June or July and lasts until the beginning of autumn, when the deep purple flowers drop off. The dark green oval leaves of belladonna plant are usually dull looking and of unequal size, 3 to 10 inches long. Description of deadly nightshade also reveals that hairs can occur on young stems and leaves of the belladonna plant. In fact, the fresh plant smells really bad when crushed but when dried up the odor is almost non-existent.

 Belladonna plant description further reveals that the shiny black berries of this plant contain several seeds and are about the size of a cherry when they mature in September. All the parts of the parts of belladonna plant are potentially toxic and poisonous. The dry leaves of belladonna plant contain atropine and scopolamine. These substances are narcotic and antispasmodic in effect. The description of belladonna plant further reveals the symptoms of belladonna poisoning which include fever, dry mouth, rapid pulse, dilation of pupils, headache, flushed skin, nausea, convulsions, and delirium.

When taken by accident, the poisonous effects may be precluded by swallowing as soon as possible an emetic, such as a large glass of warm vinegar or mustard and water. In undoubted cases of this poisoning, emetics and the stomach-pump are resorted to at once, followed by a dose of magnesia, stimulants and strong coffee, the patient being kept very warm and artificial respiration being applied if necessary. However, the above description of belladonna plant will help you to know about this plant.